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District Nainital is a unique district of Kumaun having tropical type, subtropical type, temperate, sub alpine and alpine zones in its lap. on one side its Tarai & Bhabhar belt contains the climate resembling with plain areas on the other the deep valleys having an elevation unto 1000 Mts. rear plants of hills as well as plains. The middle Himalayan ranges unto 2000 Mts. are temperate zones growing a number of typical temperate climate plants. The sub alpine unto 2500 Mts. grow high altitude plants an have the capacity to rear plants of alpine zones as well.
Alpine zone is referred to the land between snow line and above 2000 Mts. This is a typical high Himalayan belt. District Nainital contains all the zone except the alpine one. The soil structure and texture also varies from high sandy soils having 70 to 80% sand to clay soils in which the clay percentage is unto 20% . In between vast tracts possess sandy lome soils which are neither heavy nor very light.
The hilly region is covered with Sal ,Pine ,Oak, Buruns, Kaphal and other trees growing unto 6000 ft. along with Deodar , Surai etc. at higher altitudes .There are small tracts of cultivated lands and fruit orchards etc. in between the forests in this region .
The following important trees and bushes grow in Nainital.
The Bhabhar region has Babul,Kikar etc. in abundance besides sal , Khair, Shisham as big trees . The Bhabhar grass and lantana form the undergrowth .These are considered to be the vegetation of dry and arid zones. Haldu is also common in Bhabhar region .